West African languages are one of the communities’ pillars. Of the 2 000 living languages registered in Africa, 1 200 are spoken in West Africa. Hausa, mandingo, peul and yoruba are the main regional languages that are spoken beyond national borders.

With a few exceptions, the two main monotheistic religions, the Islam and Christianity, coexist peacefully with various other traditional religions and endogenous beliefs.

Cultural creation is vivacious. West Africa has demonstrated its creativity in important cultural and artistic domains and achieved worldwide recognition for its music, literature and arts.